Nevertheless, the triumph of marriage as a sacrament had given the clergy an opportunity to refine their reflections concerning fornication. This time, they distinguish categories and cases with precision. To ‘qualified fornication’ (which stood for the sin of lust consummated and included such public crimes as kidnapping for sex, adultery, incest, and ‘crimes against nature’) canonists and theologians opposed ‘simple fornication’ – a sin, to be sure, but severely disapproved only when unreasonably frequent. What is more, the most recent theology regarding marriage arrived at the point where it contributed, paradoxically, to freeing ‘simple fornication’ from the maledictions that had so long beset it. It was, in fact, defined as copula soluti cum solute ex mutuo consensus. This act, committed by 2 persons free of all ties and consenting to a transitory union, was not, according to Thomas, of the odious nature of errors against the theological virtues. It threatened the rights of man directly, but, since the fornicator was seeking pleasure, and not to do ill, it threatened the Supreme Legislator only through its consequences. It is not considered criminal and it imperils only the regularity of the status of a potential and unborn Christian. Furthermore (the good doctor had concubinage particularly in mind), its consequences can be put right from both the moral and the material point of view.
It is in fact obvious for the theologians fornication covered a range of very different circumstances and relationships. Until the conjugal model had been firmly established among the faithful of Christendom, moralists could do little more than condemn fornication with great severity, since it included concubinage. Thomas says at the outset of his argument (Ia IIae qest. 73 art. 7) that ‘fornication is the intercourse of a man with one who is not his wife.’ With reform put into effect and concubinage curbed, ‘simple fornication’ seemed to the doctors of the Church infinitely less dangerous, at least when it was committed by unmarried men with women who were truly free of all ties, for otherwise the young man was exposing himself to grave sin. This is why brother Laurent, reasoning somewhat theoretically in his Somme, teaches that carnal sin outside marriage is graver when it is committed with ‘common women’ than with entirely free, ordinary women, ‘because such women [e.g. prostitutes] are never married nor of the religious life and refuse neither he nor his brother, cousin, son, or father’.
Kicked Out of Heaven Vol. III $54.00
The Untold History of The White Races Cir. 700 – 1700 a.d.
585 pages 720 pictures
- ISBN-10: 1943820074
- ISBN-13: 978-1943820078
Kicked Out of Heaven Vol. III is divided into 2 parts. The First part of this volume goes over The Catholic Church’s history during the Dark Ages & Medieval Times. These are a some of the things that are discussed: The Castrati (Castrated Boy Choir), Holy Blood & Organs, Jesus’s Holy Prepuce (Foreskin), The Penance & Anathema, The Fish Bishop, Saints that Levitate, The Incorruptible Saints, The Nun Manias, All Religious Holidays explained, The Heretics: The Luciferians, The Spanish Inquisition. The Second half of this book is a focus on the art of the times. These are the subjects reviewed: Monsters & Gargoyles, Castles & Knight Armory, More on Medicine & Magic, More on Werewolves, Demons & Hell, Over 100 Different Black Madonnas & Moorish Saints, The Catacomb Bone Churches, The Bejewelled Saints, Aliens, Astrology & Alchemy………………….
The New York Times: The Nuns Who Bought and Sold Human Beings.