A witch hunt is a search for people labelled “witches” or evidence of witchcraft, often involving moral panic or mass hysteria. The classical period of witch hunts in Europe and North America falls into the Early Modern period or about 1450 to 1750, spanning the upheavals of the Reformation and the Thirty Years’ War, resulting in an estimated 35,000 to 100,000 executions. The last executions of people convicted as witches in Europe took place in the 18th century. In the Kingdom of Great Britain, witchcraft ceased to be an act punishable by law with the Witchcraft Act of 1735. In Germany, sorcery remained punishable by law into the late 18th century.
Even during the great European witchhunt of the 16th and 17th centuries when, under torture, “witches” gasped out allegations against anyone whose name came to mind public figures, usually of women witches far exceeded that of men. In the Swiss canton of Lucerne between about 1450 and 1550, for example, 32 witches were accused, and only one of them was a man; while in the English county of Essex between 1560 and 1680, when 291 witches were tried, only 23 were men, 11 of whom were closely connected with a woman. The women involved in such cases were usually married women or widows aged between 50 and 70 (old for the time), sharp tongued, ugly, very often following the profession of village midwife, a calling that naturally attracted suspicion at a time of high infant mortality, especially since witches were known to need a regular supply of unbaptized babies for their banquets. The malleus meficarum (1486), the first great handbook of the witch inquisitors, had no more difficulty than a modern psychoanalyst in accepting that this type of woman might readidly believe she had had intercourse with the Devil himself, a hug, black monstrous being with an enormous penis and seminal fluid as cold as ice water.
That the elderly housewives of the late medieval and early modern world attracted none of the respect and admiration vouchsafed to their younger and more decorative sisters was only to be expected. But that so many should have suffered the fatal malevolence of the witchhunters was another matter. It was as if the higer the ideal of woman, the greater the sin of the defector. The figures calculated by modern scholars anxious to play down numbers rather than magnify them are sobering. In the single Swiss canton of Vaud, 3,371 witches died between 1591 and 1680. In the little town of Wiesensteig in Germany, 63 women were burned in the year of 1562 alone. In Obermarchtal, 54 people 7 per cent of its inhabitants ent to the stake in 2 years and in oppenau 50 out of a population of 650 in only nine months.
The Last witches to be hanged in England were Mary Hicks and her 10 yr old daughter in 1716, although a mother and daughter were burned for witchcraft in Scotland 6 years later. It was such a cold day that the 2 women eagerly warmed themselves by the fire that was being prepared to burn them. The last woman to be burned at the stake in England was Christian Murphy in 1789 for counterfeiting. The last witch to be burned in Europe was Maria Sanger in Wurzburg in 1749. Torture was legally abolished in Baden in 1831, in Russia in 1847, and in Bruchsal (a small German community) in 1872.
Kicked Out of Heaven Vol. III $54.00
The Untold History of The White Races Cir. 700 – 1700 a.d.
585 pages 720 pictures
- ISBN-10: 1943820074
- ISBN-13: 978-1943820078
Kicked Out of Heaven Vol. III is divided into 2 parts. The First part of this volume goes over The Catholic Church’s history during the Dark Ages & Medieval Times. These are a some of the things that are discussed: The Castrati (Castrated Boy Choir), Holy Blood & Organs, Jesus’s Holy Prepuce (Foreskin), The Penance & Anathema, The Fish Bishop, Saints that Levitate, The Incorruptible Saints, The Nun Manias, All Religious Holidays explained, The Heretics: The Luciferians, The Spanish Inquisition. The Second half of this book is a focus on the art of the times. These are the subjects reviewed: Monsters & Gargoyles, Castles & Knight Armory, More on Medicine & Magic, More on Werewolves, Demons & Hell, Over 100 Different Black Madonnas & Moorish Saints, The Catacomb Bone Churches, The Bejewelled Saints, Aliens, Astrology & Alchemy………………….