That the arenaria were considered as burying places in the time of Nero is evident from his exclamation of horror at the idea of being taken there alive for the purpose of concealment. The arenaria or sand pits are also mentioned by Cicero in his Oration for Cluentius, where he says that the young Asinius, a citizen of noble family, was inveigled into one of them and murdered. This shews they were in use before the Christian era, and there is every reason to believe that they have been in use ever since limemortar came into use, which is believed to have been 2 or 3 centureis before that period. The celebrated Pozzolana sand makes the best mortar in the world, from its gritty nature. This valuable sand is found to any extent nearly all over the Campagna or Rome, in horizontal beds or layers between the beds f tufa; some of the tufa itself, which is sandstone, may be scraped into this sand, but it is easier to take it as ready provided by nature. People once accustomed to the use of this sand cannot do without it, and hundreds of carts filled with it may be seen daily traversing the Campagna, conveying it either to Rome, or to Ostia, or to Porto, for exportation. The horizontal layers or beds of this sand are not usually more than 6 feet thick, although they extend at a certain level over the whole surface of the country. It is therefore excavated in horizontal coridors, with various branches, extending for many miles, undermining the whole surface of the soil, but not in large or deep pits, so that the name of sand pit is rather deceitful to English people, who commonly imagine it to be always a large and deep pit to which these roads lead only; this is not always the case, the roads themselves being excavated in the layer of sand, and frequently themselves the sand pits, Sometimes there are different layers of sand at different levels, and in some cases there may be 2 sandpit roads one over the other, with the bed of hard tufa between them.
We are told in the Acta Sanctorum that one of the punishments inflicted on the Christians by Emperor Maximinus in the 6th persecution, A.D. 235, was digging sand and stone. The martyrs Ciriacus ad Sisnnus are especially metioned as ordered to be strictly guarded, and compelled to dig sand and to carry it on their own shoulders.
Kicked Out of Heaven Vol. III $54.00
The Untold History of The White Races Cir. 700 – 1700 a.d.
585 pages 720 pictures
- ISBN-10: 1943820074
- ISBN-13: 978-1943820078
Kicked Out of Heaven Vol. III is divided into 2 parts. The First part of this volume goes over The Catholic Church’s history during the Dark Ages & Medieval Times. These are a some of the things that are discussed: The Castrati (Castrated Boy Choir), Holy Blood & Organs, Jesus’s Holy Prepuce (Foreskin), The Penance & Anathema, The Fish Bishop, Saints that Levitate, The Incorruptible Saints, The Nun Manias, All Religious Holidays explained, The Heretics: The Luciferians, The Spanish Inquisition. The Second half of this book is a focus on the art of the times. These are the subjects reviewed: Monsters & Gargoyles, Castles & Knight Armory, More on Medicine & Magic, More on Werewolves, Demons & Hell, Over 100 Different Black Madonnas & Moorish Saints, The Catacomb Bone Churches, The Bejewelled Saints, Aliens, Astrology & Alchemy………………….
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